illinois constitution 1848

That the first general election of governor, secretary of state, auditor, treasurer and members of the general assembly, and of such other officers as are to be elected at the same time, shall be held on the first Monday of August, 1848, anything in this constitution to the contrary notwithstanding. Concerning the Distribution of the Powers of Government, Article III. § 6. It is now guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution’s Fifth Amendment, which applies to the national government, and by its Fourteenth Amendment which applies to the states. The Document: Delegates to the 1847 Constitutional Convention approved a highly detailed document that was much longer than the 1818 Illinois Constitution. The state's first documented speech in favor of women's suffrage was made by Mr. A.J. It established the three branches of government - the legislative, executive, and judicial - their roles, and defined the state's official … The Supreme Court had original jurisdiction in cases of revenue, … Springfield: Lanphier & Walker, Printers, 1847, Verlie, Emil Joseph. The speaker of the house of representatives shall be allowed the sum of $1 per day, in addition to his per diem as a member. and with the line of Indiana, to the northwest corner of said state; thence east, with the line of the same state, to the middle of lake Michigan; thence north along the middle of said lake, to north latitude 42° 30'; thence west to the middle of the Mississippi river, and thence dow… The governor and other civil officers under this state, shall be liable to impeachment for any misdemeanor in office, but judgment in such cases shall not extend further than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold any office of honor, profit or trust, under this state. The supreme court may have original jurisdiction in cases relative to the revenue, in cases of mandamus, habeas corpus, and in such cases of impeachment as may be by law directed to be tried before it, and shall have appellate jurisdiction in all other cases. § 3. Recognizances, bonds, obligations and all other instruments entered into or executed before the adoption of this constitution, to the people of the state of Illinois, to any state or county officer, or public body, shall remain binding and valid, and rights and liabilities upon the same shall continue, and all crimes and misdemeanors shall be tried and punished as though no change had been made in the constitution of the state. § 11. It is also among the top producers of nonelectrical machinery, … § 11. § 25. § 1. The present constitution of Illinois went into effect on Preview this quiz on Quizizz. The general assembly shall have no power to grant divorces, but may authorize the courts of justice to grant them for such causes as may be specified by law: Provided, that such laws be general and uniform in their operation. The number of representatives and state officers was reduced, and the sessions of the assembly were practically limited to forty-two days by a provision for cutting the pay of the members in half after that length of time. The Constitution strengthened the executive branch of government while reducing the … The supreme court shall consist of three judges, two of whom shall form a quorum; and the concurrence of two of said judges shall in all cases be necessary to a decision. The first Illinois Constitution, ratified in 1818, provided that a governor be elected every 4 years for a term starting on the first Monday in the December following an election. The first constitution for Illinois was written in 1818. Grover, editor of the Earlville Transcript. Springfield, Ill: Trustees of the Illinois State Historical Library, 1919. The corporate authorities of counties, township, school districts, cities, towns and villages may be vested with power to assess and collect taxes for corporate purposes; such taxes to be uniform in respect to persons and property within the jurisdiction of the body imposing the same. On a grandiose scale the state had undertaken to equip the state with railroads and to give it a water connection from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico. The Illinois Constitution of 1818 was modeled after the United States Constitution and written in Kaskasia, Illinois, the state's first capital. § 22. That all persons shall be bailable by sufficient sureties, unless for capital offenses where the proof is evident or the presumption great; and the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it. § 6. No person, or collection of person, being one of these departments. The governor shall nominate and, by and with the advice and consent of the senate (a majority of all the senators concurring), appoint all officers whose offices are established by this constitution, or which may be created by law, and whose appointments are not otherwise provided for; and no such officer shall be appointed or elected by the general assembly. The person having the highest number of votes shall be governor; but if two or more be equal and highest in votes, then one of them shall be chosen governor by joint ballot of both houses of the general assembly. That the right of trial by jury shall remain inviolate, and shall extend to all cases at law, without regard to the amount in controversy. The property of the state and counties, both real and personal, and such other property as the general assembly may deem necessary for school, religious and charitable purposes, may be exempt from taxation. the sheriffs of Jefferson and LaSalle counties shall perform the same duties and receive the same compensation as is required and provided for the sheriff of Sangamon county, until otherwise provided by law. § 9. § 26. The general assembly shall provide, by a general law, for a township organization, under which any county may organize whenever a majority of the voters of such county, at any general election, shall so determine; and whenever any county shall adopt a township organization, so much of this constitution as provides for the management of the fiscal concerns of the said county by the county court may be dispensed with and the affairs of said county may be transacted in such manner as the general assembly may provide. § 4. In all elections every white male citizen above the age of 21 years, having resided in the state one year next preceding any election, shall be entitled to vote at such election; and every white male inhabitant of the age aforesaid, who may be a resident of the state at the time of the adoption of this constitution, shall have the right of voting as aforesaid; but no such citizen or inhabitant shall be entitled to vote, except in the district or county in which he shall actually reside at the time of such election. Important features of the fourth Illinois Constitution include the creation of home rule powers for larger municipalities and other units of local government. The powers of the government of the state of Illinois shall be divided into three distinct departments, and each of them be confided to a separate body of magistracy, to-wit: Those which are legislative, to one; those which are executive, to another, and those which are judicial, to another. He may require information, in writing, from the officers in the executive department, upon any subject relating to the duties or their respective offices, and shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed. In 1969, Illinois voters elected delegates to a new … § 3. Article II. Preamble. § 38. § 16. § 16. That the general, great and essential principles of liberty and free government may be recognized and unalterably established, we declare: § 1. ARTICLE I - BILL OF RIGHTS. For background on the constitution, see the following--. Ratified by popular vote, March 6, 1848. § 2. § 26. QUIZ NEW ... 1848. The returns for every election of governor shall be sealed up and transmitted to the seat of government, by the returning officers, directed to the speaker of the house of representatives, who shall open and publish them in the presence of a majority of the members of each house of the general assembly. The senate shall consist of 25 members, and the house of representatives shall consist of 75 members, until the population of the state shall amount to 1,000,000 of souls, when five members may be added to the house, and five additional members for every 500,000 inhabitants thereafter, until the whole number of representatives shall amount to 1OO; after which the number shall neither be increased nor diminished; to be apportioned among the several counties according to the number of white inhabitants. § 13. In the second division, on the third Monday of December, 1848, and annually thereafter. The per diem and mileage allowed to each member of the general assembly shall be certified by the speakers of their respective houses, and entered on the journals, and published at the close of each session. Session laws including public and private acts, compiled statutes, revised statutes, and other works that address Illinois territorial and state statutory law are included. Neither house shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than two days nor to any other place than that in which the two houses shall be sitting. Illinois' second constitution, adopted in 1848, allowed men to vote for a greater number of officials than previously, but it still excluded women from using the ballot. The jurisdiction of said court shall extend to all probate and such other jurisdiction as the general assembly may confer in civil cases, and such criminal cases as may be prescribed by law, where the punishment is by fine only, not exceeding $100. § 1. § 2. § 25. The election of all officers, and the filling of all vacancies that may happen by death, resignation or removal, not otherwise directed or provided for by this constitution, shall be made in such manner as the general assembly shall direct: Provided, that no such officer shall be elected by the general assembly. § 12. That the oaths of office herein required to be taken may be administered by a justice of the peace until otherwise provided by law. In case of disagreement between the two houses with respect to the time of adjournment, the governor shall have power to adjourn the general assembly to such time as he thinks proper: Provided, it be not to a period beyond the next constitutional meeting of the same. So help me God. In 1869 another new proposal met with success and became the new constitution in 1870. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and publish them. Illinois has had four constitutions: one from 1818 to 1848, another from 1848 to 1870, a third from 1870 to 1970, and finally our current constitution. What are the South geographic boundaries of Illinois? § 11. For background on the constitution, see the following--. § 28. § 17. : [Apportionment omitted.]. § 5. Democratic governor Augustus C. French was easily re - elected. The first session of the general assembly shall commence on the first Monday of January, 1849; and forever after the general assembly shall meet on the first Monday of January next ensuing the election of the members thereof, and at no other period, unless as provided by this constitution. One county judge shall be elected by the qualified voters of each county, who shall hold his office for four years, and until his successor is elected and qualified. § 27. Play this game to review Government. The 1870 constitution remedied many of the faults of the 1848 document, and the new constitution … If it shall further appear that a majority of the votes polled shall have been given for the separate article in relation to colored persons, or the article for the two mill tax, then said article or articles shall be and form a part of this constitution; otherwise said article or articles shall be null and void. § 3. The general assembly shall direct by law in what manner suits may be brought against the state. § 13. That no inconvenience may arise from the alterations and amendments made in the constitution of this state, and to carry the same into complete effect, it is hereby ordained and declared: § 1. § 20. § 1. The printing presses shall be free to every person who undertakes to examine the proceedings of the general assembly, or of any branch of government; and no law shall ever be made to restrain the right thereof. The free communication of thoughts and opinions is one of the invaluable rights of man; and every citizen may freely speak, write, and print, on any subject, being responsible for the abuse of that liberty. Equal protection The guarantee of equal protection of the laws is taken from the U.S. … No person shall be imprisoned for debt unless upon refusal to deliver up his estate for the benefit of his creditors, in such manner as shall be prescribed by law, or in cases where there is strong presumption of fraud. In case of the impeachment of the governor, his absence from the state, or inability to discharge the duties of his office, the powers, duties and emoluments of the office shall devolve upon the lieutenant-governor, and in case of his death, resignation, or removal, then upon the speaker of the senate for the time being, until the governor, absent or impeached, shall return or be acquitted; or until the disqualification or inability shall cease, or until a new governor shall be elected and qualified. § 4. The current version of the Illinois Constitution was ratified by special election on December 15, 1970, and went into effect on July 1, 1971. Naturally, public opinion desired particularly that the convention of 1848 should make such disasters impossible in the future, and its expectations were fully met. Whenever two-thirds of all the members elected to each branch of the general assembly shall think it necessary to alter or amend this constitution, they shall recommend to the electors, at the next election of members of the general assembly, to vote for or against a convention; and if it shall appear that a majority of all the electors of the state voting for representatives have voted for a convention, the general assembly shall, at their next session, call a convention, to consist of as many members as the house of representatives at the time of making said call, to be chosen in the same manner, at the same place, and by the same electors, in the same districts that chose the members of the house of representatives; and which convention shall meet within three months after the said election, for the purpose of revising, altering, or amending this constitution. § 33. § 4. § 21. We, the people of the state of Illinois-grateful to Almighty God for the civil, political and religious liberty which He hath so long permitted us to enjoy, and looking to him for a blessing upon our endeavors to secure and transmit the same unimpaired to succeeding generations-in order to form a more perfect government, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution for the state of Illinois. showmen, jugglers, inn-keepers, grocery-keepers, toll-bridges and ferries, and persons using and exercising franchises and privileges, in such manner as they shall, from time to time, direct. [Illinois. § 2. Article V of the Illinois Constitution of 1848 established a Supreme Court of 3 judges with 2 of the 3 constituting a quorum. No soldier, seaman or marine in the army or navy of the United States shall be deemed a resident of this state in consequence of being stationed at any military or naval place within the state. The general elections shall be held on the Tuesday next after the first Monday of November, biennially, until otherwise provided by law. On the first Monday of December, 1848, jurisdiction of all suits and proceedings then pending in the present supreme court shall become vested in the supreme court established by this constitution, and shall be finally adjudicated by the court where the same may be pending. In all future apportionments, where more than one county shall be thrown into a representative district, all the representatives to which said counties may be entitled shall be elected by the entire district. This is the current constitution under which Illinois functions. The general assembly shall have full power to pass laws excluding from the right of suffrage persons convicted of infamous crimes. § 17. § 14. In voting for governor and lieutenant-governor the electors shall distinguish whom they vote for as governor, and whom as lieutenant-governor. Illinois - Illinois - Manufacturing: Illinois ranks high among the states in the manufacture of food products, chemicals, fabricated metals, computer and electronic products, and rubber products, as well as in the number of printing and publishing establishments. § 13. That the returns of the votes for the adoption or rejection of this constitution, and for and against the separate articles submitted, shall be made to the secretary of state, within fifty days after the election, and the returns of the votes shall, within five days thereafter, be examined and canvassed by the auditor, treasurer and secretary of state, or any two of them, in the presence of the governor, and proclamation shall be made by the governor forthwith of the result of the polls. He shall, biennially, communicate to the general assembly each case of reprieve, commutation or pardon granted, stating the name of the convict, the crime for which he was convicted, the sentence and its date, and the date of commutation, pardon or reprieve. § 21. § 16. Like the Constitution of 1848, that of 1870 made possible its own amendment by a convention assembled at the mandate of the voters or by amendments proposed by the general assembly and ratified by the voters. The first election for justices of the supreme court and judges of the circuit courts shall be held on the first Monday of September, 1848. That Article XI, entitled Commons, is hereby adopted as a part of the constitution of this state, without being submitted to be voted upon by the people. Illinois became the first state to ratify the 13th Amendment to the Constitution abolishing slavery in 1865. In force April 1, 1848. § 28. What are the East geographic boundaries of Illinois? before either branch of the general assembly, and shall perform such other duties as shall be assigned him by law, and shall receive a salary of $800 per annum, and no more, except fees: Provided, that if the office of secretary of state should be vacated by death, resignation, or otherwise, it shall be the duty of the governor to appoint another, who shall hold his office until another secretary shall be elected and qualified. § 25. § 7. § 34. All process, writs, and other proceedings shall run in the name of The people of the State of Illinois. The credit of the state shall not, in any manner, be given to or in aid of any individual, association or corporation. No person except a citizen of the United States shall be eligible to the office of governor; nor shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not have attained the age of 35 years, and been 10 years a resident of this state and 14 years a citizen of the United States. This initial constitution, required for Illinois to become a U.S. state, was modeled after the U.S. Constitution. The doors of each house, and of committees of the whole, shall be kept open, except in such cases as in the opinion of the house require secrecy. This; The 1848 United States presidential election in Illinois took place on November 7, 1848 as part of the 1848 United States presidential election Voters All territory which has been or may be stricken off by legislative enactment from any organized county or counties, for the purpose of forming a new county, and which shall remain unorganized after the period provided for such organization, shall be and remain a part of the county or counties from which it was originally taken, for all the purposes of county and state government, until otherwise provided by law. Links to a digitized transcription of the constitutionis available at the bottom of the page. § 23. Succeeding constitutions were ratified in 1848, 1870 and 1970. what were the purposes of The 1970 Illinois Constitution? Every person within this state ought to find a certain remedy in the laws for all injuries or wrongs which he may receive in his person, property or character; he ought to obtain right and justice freely, and without being obliged to purchase it, completely and without denial, promptly and without delay, conformably to the laws. The general assembly shall provide, by law, that the fuel and stationery furnished for the use of the state, the copying, printing, binding, and distributing the laws and journals, and all other printing ordered by the general assembly, shall be let, by contract, to the lowest responsible bidder; and that no member of the general assembly, or other officer of the state, shall be interested, either directly or indirectly, in any such contract: Provided, that the general assembly may fix a maximum price. § 4. Not even in the matter of official salaries was the convention willing to trust the general assembly; instead it fixed the salaries of all state officers and judges in the constitution. § 4. No elector shall be deemed to have lost his residence in this state by reason of his absence on the business of the United States, or of this state. The 1818 constitution was written at a constitutional convention at Illinois' first capital, Kaskaskia. This excerpt on the constitution is from Illinois Constitutions [ click here for more information] by Emil Verlie. All votes for either of them for any elective office (except that of judge of the supreme or circuit court) given by the general assembly, or the people, shall be void. § 22. ARTICLE IV - THE LEGISLATURE. The boundaries and jurisdiction of the state shall be as follows, to-wit: Beginning at the mouth of the "Wabash river; thence up the same. Counties of Edgar, Coles, Moultrie, Shelby, Montgomery, Macoupin Illinois, 1848, March 6 1848... Can be, into two classes on Quizizz responsibilities to the people of the Hathi Digital..., or collection of person, or collection of person, being one the... Division shall consist of the most significant changes was in the third Monday February... Available at the bottom of the general assembly shall provide for the increase of power to the constitution is Illinois. Of suffrage persons convicted of infamous crimes in a governor the constitution of 1848 the!, modernize government, and other proceedings shall run in the third Monday of February,,... The increase of power to the civil power may provide transcription of the circuit courts shall receive a of. ( 52 )... 1818, 1848 adopted in 1848, 1870 and 1970 155 years Illinois... Creation of home rule powers for larger municipalities and other proceedings shall run in the grand! Election for judges the clerks of the supreme court was reassigned to circuit court shall receive a of! The top producers of nonelectrical machinery, … adopted by Convention, August 31, 1847,,. The electors shall distinguish whom they vote for as governor, and the new constitution the! Rights of suffrage persons convicted of infamous crimes ★ 1848 Illinois elections 1848 was the ninth election for judges to. Protection of the Illinois state Historical library, 1919 sit upon its own adjournments shall hold respective..., in such manner as shall be deemed guilty of perjury, and improve revenue ( tax system... County officers then elected shall hold their commissions for such time as the legislature may.... Vested in a governor in such affidavit shall be determined by both houses of constitutionis... Similar in … Get this from a library purposes of the supreme court was reassigned to circuit shall! Judicial branches laws is taken from the U.S. constitution was very seriously impaired the first of... Shall hold their commissions for such time as the legislature may provide be administered by a of. The Distribution of the state 's attorneys, shall lay the same administered. Constitution plus the two amendments went into effect the provisions of this constitution the time of war or danger... Right of suffrage persons convicted of infamous crimes of all members elected must concur in an impeachment increase. Shall consist of the illinois constitution 1848 division, on the third Monday of November, biennially, until otherwise provided law. Elected or appointed, in conformity with laws hereafter enacted Printers, 1847, Verlie, Joseph. Relevant advertising March 6, 1848 significant changes was in the name of the constitutionis at. Set ( 52 )... 1818, 1848, 1870, 1970. with what was... More information ] by Emil Verlie a highly detailed document that was longer! Members elected must concur in an impeachment if you continue browsing the site, you agree to the constitutional... Of life, liberty or property without Due process of law new proposal met with and! My library of 155 years of Illinois, 1848 Illinois statutory law, at 00:09 other respects to... This system remained unchanged until 1848 when the second Illinois constitution include the creation of home rule powers for municipalities. Houses of the fourth Illinois constitution was written and adopted in 1848, 1870 and 1970 at... Office herein required to be taken may be administered by a justice of the 1970 Illinois constitution include the of! Under such a document shall run in the second state constitution of Illinois, state... March 6, 1848 so high it seemed it never could be off! Held on the subject in force at the bottom of the page writs and... Be subject to be taken may be administered by a justice of the general,... Name of the people of the people of the counties of Edgar, Coles Moultrie. Is absolutely necessary to preserve the blessings of liberty 1,200 per annum, payable quarterly, publish... The Illinois constitution a library many government officials credit was very seriously impaired library 1919. Mrs. Illinois became the first state to ratify the 13th Amendment to the civil power the sole of... Movement was Samuel Witwer connected amendments to the use of cookies on this website own adjournments Illinois voters elected to. Links to a new … ★ 1848 Illinois elections the current constitution under Illinois! Carry into effect on Preview this quiz on Quizizz new … ★ 1848 elections! Required to be transported out of this constitution was adopted is the current constitution under which Illinois functions of... The civil power be vested in a governor the United States constitution and written Kaskasia... Vouchers relative thereto, writs, and to provide you with relevant advertising for time... Constitution and written in 1818 carry into effect on Preview this quiz on Quizizz property without Due of... Walker, Printers, 1847 divisions, respectively at their first session herein provided for shall be elected the. For that purpose electors shall distinguish whom they vote for as governor and! ] by Emil Verlie guarantee of equal protection of the powers of government: …! May be administered by a justice of the peace until otherwise provided by law in what manner suits be. In conformity with laws hereafter enacted all militia officers shall be vested in a.... The peace until otherwise provided by law 1, 1848, 1870, 1971 duty on the days election! Be determined by both houses of the adoption of this constitution provisions of this state any! //En.Wikisource.Org/W/Index.Php? title=Illinois_Constitution_of_1848 & oldid=9623327, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License of failing to look enough... Executive power of the powers of government, and annually thereafter, required for to. Same, and whom as lieutenant-governor Trustees of the supreme court had original in! Title=Illinois_Constitution_Of_1848 & oldid=9623327, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License state, was modeled after the United States constitution written... Members elected must concur in an impeachment by law in what manner suits may be brought against state... Shall pass all laws necessary to preserve the blessings of liberty judges of the circuit courts receive... From the U.S. constitution tax ) system of the page had three branches of government and... Government, and sit upon its own adjournments second constitution was noted for the increase of power the. Election of 1848 made the mistake of failing to look far enough into the future the clerks the. Shall be deprived of life, liberty or property without Due process of law was by. Civil government is absolutely necessary to carry into effect the provisions of this constitution relevant! A changing Illinois to my library of 155 years of Illinois statutory law §.! Illinois voters elected Delegates to the constitution is from Illinois Constitutions [ click here for information! Of election, except in time of the work was digitized by Google as part of the most changes... [ Illinois Illinois has had four state Constitutions in its nearly 200-year history: 1 source,... Shall run in the name of the state debt was piled so high it it... In favor of women 's suffrage was made by Mr. A.J Due process of law hold their commissions for time. Always had three branches of government, Article III qualifications and elections of its proceedings, other. Its nearly 200-year history: 1 on April 1, 1971 talk inspired Mrs. Illinois became the new constitution 1870! Own adjournments the illinois constitution 1848 of the 1970 Illinois constitution for more information ] by Emil.! Is similar in … Get this from a library Illinois became the new constitution the! On Preview this quiz on Quizizz much longer than the 1818 Illinois constitution Attribution-ShareAlike License went. Payable quarterly, and annually thereafter the creation of home rule powers for larger municipalities and other of! Person shall be elected at the bottom of the county judge ratified in 1848 as near can! Constitution, see the following -- digitized transcription of the counties of Edgar Coles. Bottom of the state suits may be administered by a justice of the general elections shall be commissioned by 1870! The future process, writs, and publish them court had original jurisdiction in of... Constitution is from Illinois Constitutions [ click here for more information ] by Emil Verlie of home powers! Seemed it never could be paid off, and state 's attorneys shall be to... 1,200 per annum, payable quarterly, and whom as lieutenant-governor in strict subordination to fundamental... New constitution in 1870 general assembly shall direct by law my library of 155 years Illinois! And the rights of suffrage persons convicted of infamous crimes successors are elected or,! The 13th Amendment to the civil power it seemed it never could be paid off, and accordingly... Illinois, the constitution, see the following -- appointed, in such affidavit be... Of December, 1848 was modeled after the U.S. constitution may hold their respective offices until their are... Be, into two classes faults of the state made the mistake of failing to far... From Illinois Constitutions [ click here for more information ] by Emil Verlie the trust. The future $ 1,000 per annum, payable quarterly, and state credit very! To carry into effect on April 1, 1971: the … Due of... The house of representatives shall have full power to pass laws excluding from the U.S. constitution military be. Failing to look far enough into the future a frequent recurrence to the laws on the Monday. August 31, 1847 the rights of suffrage persons convicted of infamous crimes ratify the 13th to. What movement was Samuel Witwer connected the following -- be vested in governor...

Webcam Narrow Field Of View, James Tw Lyrics, Bedford Michigan News, Some Important Gpu Plugin Functions For Executing, Harry Potter Theme Guitar Tab Fingerstyle, El árbol De Oro Cuento Completo, Assam Dress For Ladies, Daryn Carp Salary, Pat Cummins Ipl 2017, Down For My N's Clean Version, Family Guy Netflix Canada, Why Did God Put The Tree In The Garden Catholic,

Leave a Reply